More 3,000 cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed in the US each year. Survival rate means the percentage of people that will continue to live for a certain period of time with Mesothelioma. To get more information about the mesothelioma survival rate, people should read total this article of us.
Mesothelioma is a rare malignancy associated with exposure to asbestos and poor survival. The purpose of this article is offered to readers the mesothelioma survival rates regardless of age, race, stage of cancer, or type of treatment.
MESOTHELIOMA SURVIVAL RATES
The article today about the mesothelioma survival rates includes three parts. They are: “What is the mesothelioma?”, “Mesothelioma Survival Rates” and “What causes mesothelioma?”.
1. What is the mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is one type of cancer that starts with mesothelial cells. These cells point to the outer surface of most of the body’s internal organs, forming a protective membrane called mesothelium.
Some mesotheliomas form a tumor (tumor), while others grow along the mesothelium and form a thick coating. In the later stages, mesothelioma can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.
Mesothelioma is an aggressive and rare cancer. It is caused by asbestos and forms on protective tissues including the lungs, heart, and abdomen. Symptom includes chest, painful cough, and shortness of breath. Combined surgical, radiation and chemotherapy treatments will improve survival and longevity.
2. Mesothelioma Survival Rates
2.1. Mesothelioma Survival Rates by age
Five-year survival rates for patients under 45 years of age at the time of diagnosis were about 40%. Patients diagnosed with mesothelioma over 65 years of age had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate of less than 5%.
However, the overall health of an individual patient can make the survival of patients at any age significantly altered. Accepting quality treatment from an experienced palliative cancer specialist can also improve the survival rate of older patients.
2.2. Mesothelioma Survival Rates by sex
|Gender||1 Year||2 Years||3 Years||4 Years||5 Years|
Women who have mesothelioma survived longer than men regardless of age, race, stage of cancer, or type of treatment. For all age groups studied in the SEER program, women were significantly better than men.
There is no conclusive answer as to why. Some researchers believe that improved survival can be explained by hormonal differences between the sexes. The women are more likely to be diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma. This type carries a better prognosis than the more common type of pleura.
2.3. Mesothelioma Survival Rates by race
|Race||1 Year||2 Years||3 Years||4 Years||5 Years|
*Data includes Hispanics
Race does not seem to affect much of the initial mesenchymal survival. It becomes a more telling factor as time goes by. For three years, the survival rate of white patients was slightly worse than that of black patients.
The five-year survival rate for whites is 7.8%, compared to 12% for blacks. After 10 years, only 4.4% of white patients survived, while 8.2% of blacks survived a decade after being diagnosed.
2.4. Mesothelioma Survival Rates by site
Source: “Changing Pattern in Malignant Mesothelioma Survival,” published in the journal Translational Oncology in February 2015.
The two types – pericardial and testicular mesothelioma – are associated with less than 2% of all mesothelioma cases. The median survival for testicular mesothelioma, the rarest type, was 24 months.
Histopathologically, the pericardium develops on the mucous membrane of the heart. It has an average survival rate of 6 to 10 months.
2.5. Median Survival Rate by Tumor Histology
|Cell Type||Median Surival|
A large, multi-institutional study examined how tumor histology and other factors affect survival. The epithelioid cell type had the best survival, with an average survival of 19 months.
Sarcomatoid patients underwent an average survival time of 8 months, the worst outcome of all cell types. The median survival of the two-stage patient was 13 months.
2.6. Mesothelioma survival rate by stage
|Stage 1||41-46 percent|
|Stage 2||38 percent|
|Stage 3||26-30 percent|
|Stage 4||14.9 months or less|
The stage of mesothelioma refers to how far it spreads (metastasis). In general, more distant metastatic tumors have metastasized, cancer is more difficult to remove by surgery. Because of this, higher survival rates are associated with earlier stages of mesothelioma (phase one and two).
3. What causes mesothelioma?
Exposure to asbestos is the main cause of the mesothelioma. Very rarely, mesothelioma has been associated with previous radiation therapy in the chest.
Asbestos is the name of a group of natural minerals that are resistant to high temperatures and humidity. It was used in many construction products in Australia from the 1940s until 1987. Since 2004, Australia has banned the use of asbestos, reuse and / or import.
The people most likely to come into contact with asbestos include asbestos miners and crushers, asbestos cement workers, builders, plumbers and electricians, and public workers, automotive workers, mechanics, transport workers (especially coastal workers) and textile workers.
People who do not work directly with asbestos but have contact with it can develop mesothelioma. They may include cleaners working with asbestos fibers on them or asbestos repairers during the renovation or maintenance process.
It may take several years for mesothelioma to develop after a person is exposed to asbestos. This is called latency or time – usually between 20 and 60 years (most commonly about 40 years) after exposure.
From the causes of Mesothelioma we mentioned above, readers should keep away from these harmful agents. At the same time build a healthy lifestyle, regular health check, twice a year. From there it is possible to detect the earliest disease and to have the optimal treatment.
Wish all the readers will be healthy!